Copyright © 2016 All Rights Reserved • Bernalillo County Sheriff’s Department • 400 Roma NW Albuquerque, NM 87102
Q- What are the bicycle specific laws for the State of New Mexico?
A- 66-1-1. Short title
Articles 1 through 8 of Chapter 66 NMSA 1978 [except 66-7-102.1 NMSA 1978] may be cited as the "Motor Vehicle Code".
History: 1953 Comp., § 64-1-1, enacted by Laws 1978, ch. 35, § 1.
As defined in the New Mexico Motor Vehicle Code: [66-1-1 NMSA 1978] ...
N. "roadway" means that portion of a street or highway improved, designed or ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the berm or shoulder and in the event a highway includes two or more separate roadways, the term "roadway" refers to any such roadway separately but not to all such roadways collectively.
History: 1978 Comp., § 66-1-4.15, enacted by Laws 1990, ch. 120, § 16; 2001, ch. 127, § 2.
Chapter 66, Article 3, Part 8 Bicycles
66-3-701. Bicycles; effect of regulations.
A. It is a misdemeanor for any person to do any act forbidden, or fail to perform any act required by Sections 66-3-701 through 66-3-707 NMSA 1978.
B. The parent of any child and the guardian of any ward shall not authorize or permit any such child or ward to violate any of the provisions of the Motor Vehicle Code.
C. These regulations applicable to bicycles shall apply whenever a bicycle is operated upon any highway or upon any path set aside for the exclusive use of bicycles subject to those exceptions stated herein.
History: 1953 Comp., § 64-3-701, enacted by Laws 1978, ch. 35, § 100.
66-3-702. Traffic laws apply to persons riding bicycles.
Every person riding a bicycle upon a roadway shall be granted all of the rights and shall be subject to all of the duties applicable to the driver of a vehicle, except as to the special regulations within Sections 66-3-701 through 66-3-707 NMSA 1978.
History: 1953 Comp., § 64-3-702, enacted by Laws 1978, ch. 35, § 101.
66-3-703. Riding on bicycles.
A. A person propelling a bicycle shall not ride other than upon or astride a permanent and regular seat attached thereto.
B. No bicycle shall be used to carry more persons at one time than the number for which it is designed and equipped.
History: 1953 Comp., § 64-3-703, enacted by Laws 1978, ch. 35, § 102
66-3-704. Clinging to vehicles.
No person riding upon any bicycle, coaster, roller skates, sled or toy vehicle shall attach the same or himself to any vehicle upon a roadway.
History: 1941 Comp., § 68-2443, enacted by Laws 1953, ch. 139, § 96; 1953 Comp., § 64-19-4; recompiled as 1953 Comp., § 64-3-704, by Laws 1978, ch. 35, § 103.
66-3-705. Riding on roadways and bicycle paths.
A. Every person operating a bicycle upon a roadway shall ride as near to the right side of the roadway as practicable, exercising due care when passing a standing vehicle or one proceeding in the same direction.
B. Persons riding bicycles upon a roadway shall not ride more than two abreast except on paths or parts of roadways set aside for the exclusive use of bicycles.
C. Notwithstanding any provision of this section, no bicycle shall be operated on any roadway in a manner that would create a public safety hazard.
History: 1953 Comp., § 64-3-705, enacted by Laws 1978, ch. 35, § 104; 1997, ch. 47, § 1.
66-3-706. Carrying articles.
No person operating a bicycle shall carry any package, bundle or article which prevents the driver from keeping at least one hand upon the handlebar.
History: 1953 Comp., § 64-3-706, enacted by Laws 1978, ch. 35, § 105.
66-3-707. Lamps and other equipment on bicycles.
A. Every bicycle when in use at nighttime shall be equipped with a lamp on the front which shall emit a white light visible from a distance of at least five hundred feet to the front and with a red reflector on the rear of a type approved by the division which shall be visible from all distances from fifty feet to three hundred feet to the rear when directly in front of lawful upper beams of head lamps on a motor vehicle. A lamp emitting a red light visible from a distance of five hundred feet to the rear may be used in addition to the red reflector.
B. No person shall operate a bicycle unless it is equipped with a bell or other device capable of giving a signal audible for a distance of at least one hundred feet, except that a bicycle shall not be equipped with, nor shall any person use upon a bicycle any siren or whistle.
C. Every bicycle shall be equipped with a brake which will enable the operator to make the brake wheels skid on dry, level, clean pavement.
History: 1953 Comp., § 64-3-707, enacted by Laws 1978, ch. 35, § 106.
Q- Where did you purchase your bicycles?
A- Our bicycles were purchased from a local bike shop called Fat Tire Cycles
Q- Who does the general maintenance on your bicycles?
A- We do our own maintenance using the Esperanza Community Bicycle Shop which is open to the public and does some amazing things for cycling in the Albuquerque area!
Q- How many miles do you ride per day?
A- We are on patrol 7 days a week year around and can log an average of 20-30 miles a shift.
Q- Where do you normally patrol?
A- We can patrol anywhere in the County of Bernalillo. Mostly we are tasked with saturating an area to prevent crimes, be a presence to help people in need, and disrupt criminal activity. We are stationed in the South Valley area of the county where we spend a majority of our work. We are able to patrol the ditch-banks, the Bosque area, and areas not accessible by vehicles.
Q- What activities do you do to stay fit?
A- On our own, we ride our bikes in community rides, lift weights, and even run in 5k's in the city of Albuquerque and the County of Bernalillo. We try to eat right and get plenty of rest.
Q- What is the biggest problem you see when it comes to bicyclists?
A- Not wearing a helmet and no lights when riding at night. Both of these are easy fixes as both can be found at any big box store as well as local bike shops. If under 18, state law requires a helmet be worn. If cost is an issue, speak to the guys at Esperanza Community Bike Shop, if they have any, they will give you these items for free!
Q- What special training do you have to be a bike patrol Deputy?
A- We are all certified bicyclists by the International Police Mountain Bike Association (IPMBA) as well as certified bike safety instructors by the League of American Bicyclists.
Q- What do you go through the most when on bicycle patrol?
A- Sunscreen and water
Q- What words of advice to you have for someone who is looking to bike in Bernalillo County?
A- Just Ride! Bernalillo County is so full of great places to ride no matter what type of bicycle you want to start riding. From paved bike trails in the Bosque and the city's bike paths that criss cross around Albuquerque to relatively easy dirt trails in Bosque and more advanced off road trails in the East Mountains such as Tunnel Canyon and Oak Flats there is something for everyone. There are many groups in the local area to meet up and join, as well as friendly riders around every bend who will share their insight and favorite ride areas as well as organized rides that may or may not cost (but if they do the money always seem to go to a wonderful cause)!
BERNALILLO COUNTY SHERIFF BIKE UNIT
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS